AOC Pessac Léognan

History of the appelation

Initiated over twenty-five years ago and led with pugnacity by the Syndicat Viticole of Pessac-Léognan, this « combat » was that of the reconquering and the conservation of a terroir unique to this world – both in terms of its very rare geological formation and its special climatic conditions. A wish to aspire to a major attribute: Quality.

At the beginning of their action for the recognition of a communal Appellation, the wine-growers of Pessac-Léognan set themselves the objective of regaining, by the dawn of the twenty first century, the 1,700 hectares that used to belong to the vineyards in 1935 at the time of creation of the Appellations d’Origine Contrôlée (AOC). Mission accomplished, because today the global surface of production accounts for over 1,600 hectares. A really dynamic economic change which has meant the rescaling of soil occupation, bringing this terroir back to the periphery of Bordeaux, threatened for centuries by urbanization.

Terroir

The originality of the terroir of the Pessac-Léognan wines can be seen in their origins.

A long time ago at the end of the Tertiary period and the beginning of the Quaternary period when the mouth of the old Garonne used to throw out rounded pebbles, broken stone mixed with clay, sand chalk and shelly sand. All the constituents of the famous Graves of Bordeaux.

The Graves, here, are of a single peculiarity: a learned and harmonious mix of quartz and quartzites in ochre, white, red and pink, jasper, agatoids, silex, lydiens…

The variable thickness (20cm to 3 metres and over) and the disposition underneath the soil without any real form of homogeneity means that the Graves offer, precisely, different possibilities, personal expressions and diverse foundations, just some of the characteristics and nuances of the great wines of Pessac-Léognan.

Grape selection

The minimum plantation density is 6,500 vines/ha, but more often closer to 9,000 vines/ha.
The authorised yield are 45 hl/ha for the reds and 48 hl/ha for the whites.

You will find below the list of grape selections authorised for the production of the Great Wines of Pessac-Léognan :

 

Red wines: Cabernet-sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, Carmenère

White wines: Sauvignon, Sémillon and Muscadelle.

 

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